Turkey is considered to be the gateway between Europe and Asia; it is an Eurasian country located on the Mediterranean stretching across the Anatolian peninsula in southwest Asia and the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. It is bordered by the Black Sea, the Marmara Sea, the Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea.
Official Name: Republic of Turkey
Area: 814,578 sq. km.
Currency: Turkish Lira (TL)
Official language: Turkish
Time zone: GMT +2
Dialing Code: +90
Internet top-level domain (TLD): .tr
Emergency services: 112
Religions: 99% Muslim, 1% other
Government: Parliamentary Republic
President: Recep Tayyip ERDOĞAN
Population: ~78 million
Population density: 93/km² (240/sq. miles)
Lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m
Days of sunshine per year: 235
Average temperatures: If you are planning your vacation in Turkey, it is a good idea to check the average temperatures so that you can bring the appropriate clothes with you.Depending on the season and which region you visit, you can expect to find varying temperatures in Turkey.The country can be devided into the following regions with reference to temperature:
• Marmara coasts - (Istanbul): Hot summers and mild winters.
• Aegean coasts - (Izmir): Hot summers and mild winters.
• Mediterranean coasts - (Antalya): Hot summers and mild winters.
• Black Sea coast - (Trabzon): Temperate climate, warm summers, mild winters and relatively high rainfall.
• Central Anatolia - (Ankara): Steppe climate with hot, dry summers; cold winters.
• Eastern Anatolia - (Erzurum): Long snowy, cold winters and mild summers.
• Southeast Anatolia - (Adiyaman): Hot summer, mild and rainy winters.
Main International Airports: for the capital city: Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen International Airport (SAW) and Istanbul Atatürk International Airport (IST); for the Mediterranean coast: Antalya International Airport (AYT); for the Aegean coast: Dalaman International Airport (DLM)
Cappadocia Airport: Nevşehir Tuzköy Havalimanı and Kayseri Erkilet Airport (for shuttle - airport services : Please contact us)
Ports and Terminals: Aliaga, Diliskelesi, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Mersin Limani, Nemrut Limani
Shops: Monday-Saturday (09:00-21:00)
Offices: Monday-Friday (09:00-17:00)
Banks: Monday-Friday (09:00-17:00)
Turkey is where the three continents of the old world - Asia, Africa and Europe – are closest to each other. Only three percent of the country is in the European part and the rest are in the Anatolian Peninsula. The total area is 780 000 sq. kilometers, with population of 70 million. About 99 % of the Turkish population is Muslim, although as a whole it is a very liberal and loosely practiced version of the religion.
Straddling two continents, Europe and Asia, and bordering the volatile Middle East, Turkey has an unrivalled history stretching back thousands of years. From the ancient Hittites to the Ottomans, dozens of civilizations have made Turkey their home, leaving behind them a dazzling historical and archaeological heritage.
But despite its ancient roots, Turkey is a rapidly developing modern state. Born from the ashes of the Ottoman Empire in 1923, the country was transformed by its far-sighted and ambitious first leader Kemal Ataturk. Since his death, the republic has maintained its Western orientation and European aspirations, despite the often-strong counter-current of traditionalism and Islam.